It is hard to imagine that the vibrant capital of New South Wales, with its impressive harbor, the white sails of the Opera House and the graceful arch of Harbor Bridge, was once a colony for criminals. The oldest, largest and most beautiful of all Australian cities with the sea in the heart is the city of Sydney.
A bit of history
After the landing of the first expedition of James Cook at the end of the 18th century. a settlement was established on the shores of Botany Bay, consisting of pardoned English criminals. Permanent riots and uprisings in a town named after the British lord lasted until the first half of the 18th century. Continue reading
Not far from Sydney on the coast, in the area of Botany Bay, stands a high stone stele. It was erected in honor of the great French navigator Jean Francois Gallo de Laperouse. But what is the connection between him and Australia? The fact is that after Laperouse sailed from these shores in January 1788, no one else saw him alive. The brave French captain disappeared forever, although further, frankly, not very active searches and gave some information about what could happen to him.
The first European researchers found in Australia neither silver, nor gold, nor spices, nor other useful things. At first glance, this southern land in the Pacific was completely useless. James Cook, who joined New South Wales to the British crown, did not even find fresh water here. At first, he generally decided that this continent was unsuitable for life. Continue reading